по всеукраїнській оздоровниці, що славиться цілющими
джерелами, знайомить читача з історією курорту, його природніми лікувальними
факторами, визначними місцями краю.
В книзі, значно оновленій із врахуванням сучасності,
розповідається про великі рекреаційні можливості Моршина і навколишнього
Читач також знайде поради про показання і протипоказання для
лікування на курорті, позакурортне вживання моршинських мінеральних вод.
по всеукраинской здравнице Моршин, славящейся своими
целебными источниками, знакомит читателя с историей курорта, его
достопримечательностями, природными лечебными факторами.
В книге, значительно обновленной с учетом современности, рассказывается о больших
рекреационных возможностях Моршина и окрестного Прикарпатского региона.
найдет советы о показаниях и противопоказаниях лечения на курорте и внекурортном
применении моршинских минеральных вод.
MORSHIN, a small town-type settlement in Pre-Carpathia, is known as one of the best
balneo-therapeutik resorts in this country.
It is located
in a picturesque valley surrounded by hills covered with forests. Dark-green
masts of pines and fir-trees intermit with graceful white-barked birches, musing
alder-trees, mighty oaks and silver-trunked beeches.
Nature has been
very generous to these places, it lavishly endowed them with unique spas, waters
impregnated with mineral salts. Local peasants knew of their existence because
as early as the 16-th-17-th centuries they were engaged in salt production.
named Morshin was first recorded in archival documents for 1482. Commercial
interest to the mineral springs was aroused in the late 1870s when B. Stiller,
the owner of Morshin, a man of commerce, decided to establich here a clinical
health resort. The first spa season began in May 1878 and the investigation of
the chemical and medicinal qualities of Morshin's waters was initiated by
chemists and men of medicine who recommended them for baths and internal use.
The 1920s and
1930s saw a considerable boom in the spa development: various business men
started profiteering by selling plots of land for building summer houses and
villas for the rich, by exporting salts and mineral water. It was then that
water and mud-baths, the inhalatorium, the Spa House ("Marble Palace" sanatorium
at present) were built to render service to well-to-do spa visitors.
Morshin's natural resources a long time has Morshin become an all-Union resort.
At presents there are seven sanatoriums and four boarding-houses in Morshin
which specialize in treating people suffering from digestion troubles.
develop the resort it was urgent to thoroughly analyse the mineral waters and
mud as well as to look for their new deposits. The hydro-mineral basis of the
resort was studied by researchers of a specially organized laboratory which was
busy analysing the chemical compound, physical properties and conditions of the
mineral springs origination, defined the regime of their exploitation as well as
worked out scientifically grounded recommendations for preparing different
solutions of curing water from spa No.l salt-water. Using modern methods of
research, the results of clinical and experimental observations, the scientists
and physicians perfected their methods of spa treatment in Morshin.
extends and becomes more and more comfortable. In the 1970s - 1980s
"Ozerny", a boarding-house, "Prolisok", a sanatorium
parents with children, a balneologic mud-ozocerite cure hospital, a mineral
water pump-room, some dormitory buildings of the sanatoria, a dietetic
dining-hall have been built and opened. The settlement was adorned by a new
Palace of Culture, a cinema, the building of the railway-station, multistory
springs (salt-waters) are the main curing factor of the spa. There are some of
Spring No.l has
long been known, it is situated on the right bank of the Bereznitsa rivulet, in
a wood covered locality. It is a 50-metre deep pit. Its water is heavily
mineralized. The general mineralization increases from 16 g/1 at the surface
layer to 400 g/1 at the bottom layer.
Spring No.4, a
self- springing one, is situated in the forest-park zone of the resort. Its
water is, as to mineralization, like that of the rain, as to the chemical
compound it is a hydrocardon-calcinate one, it also contains potassium, sodium,
magnesium, iron and sulphates in small quantity.
No.6 sifuated near the village of Lisovichy, started being exploited in 1968. It
gives a sulphate-chloride-sodiate-magnesiate-potassic water. General
mineralization is 238 g/1.
curing faktors as peat-mud and ozokerute are also utilized at the resort.
is extracted in the vicinity of Morshin and the-neighbouring
village of Obolonia (Dolina District, Ivano-Frankovsk Region). As
to its physical and chemical properties the local mud is a heavily mineralized
curing stuff of high quality, containing organic acids such as butyric, acetic
and formic ones, that produces a good curing effect.
become, since May 1973, the basic thermal procedure in the treating practice of
the spa. Only medicinal ozocerite is used for treatment. It is extracted
fromoil-oil-processing by-products and vein wax mined in ozocerite pits.
sanatorium-spa treatment includes the sanatorium regime, diet and physical
exercises. If necessary, the treatment is supplemented with physical therapy,
medical preparation and vitamins.
than 70 thousand people come to Morshin for treatment. Curing water, medicinal
procedures, kindness and careful attitude of the personnel to spa patients
returns to many of them faith in recovery, beneficially influences their health
and makes them fit for work.